By the Numbers
by Mark R. Vogel
  • Three teaspoons equals one tablespoon.
  • Two tablespoons equals one ounce.
  • Eight ounces equals one cup
  • The average restaurant chef makes less than $40,000 per year.
  • Pork only needs to be cooked to 140-145 degrees.  Trichinosis dies at 137 degrees.
  • There are less than 20 cases of trichinosis in the US each year.
  • Cook chicken to 165 degrees.
  • Beef and lamb are rare at 125, medium-rare at 130, medium at 135, medium well around 140-145, and toast after that.
  • Cook fish to 140 degrees.
  • Kentucky Fried Chicken serves about one billion pieces of chicken each year.
  • Eggs scramble at 160-179 degrees.
  • To make a coddled egg, submerge an egg in boiling water for 1 minute.
  • Eggs are sold by the weight of one dozen.  Medium eggs weigh 21-24 oz. per dozen, large 24-27, extra large 27-30, and jumbo 30 or more.
  • 1 in 30,000 eggs is infected with salmonella.
  • Poaching is done at a temperature of 160-185 degrees.
  • Simmering is 185-212 degrees.
  • Boiling is 212 degrees, at sea level.  In Denver, (due to lower atmospheric pressure), water boils at 202 degrees.
  • The FDA allows up to 30 insect fragments and 1 rodent hair per 100 grams of peanut butter.
  • The standard ratio for a vinaigrette is 3-1, three parts oil to one part acid.
  • For stock use 8lbs. bones, 6 quarts water, and 1 lb. mire poix, (onions, celery and carrots).
  • Wine stored for long term aging should be kept at 55 degrees.
  • A baker’s dozen is 13.
  • Store dried ground spices no longer than 6 months.
  • Ounce per ounce, lobster has less cholesterol than chicken breast.
  • One pound, (16 oz.) whole butter produces 12 oz. clarified butter.
  • One stick of butter equals 4 oz, or a quarter cup.
  • To proof yeast, place it in water between 100 and 110 degrees.
  • 4 teaspoons of cornstarch or arrowroot will thicken one cup of liquid to a medium consistency.
  • 1 lemon yields 3-4 tablespoons of juice.
  • 1 lime yields 2 tablespoons of juice.
  • The infamous Death Cap mushroom causes death within 6 – 16 days of consumption.
  • 1 bottle of wine equals 750 milliliters which equals 25 1/3 oz. or approximately four 6-oz. glasses.
  • There are more chickens than humans on planet Earth.
  • 1 lb. of flour equals 3 ½ - 4 cups, depending on how tightly packed the cups are.
  • Milk is 4% fat. Two % milk has had half of its fat removed.  Thus, 2% milk is not 98% fat free.  Similarly, 1% milk has had 75% of its fat removed.
  • Half & Half (half cream & half milk) is 10-12 % fat.
  • Light cream is usually around 20% fat.
  • Heavy cream is 36-40% fat.
  • Shrimp are sold by the number of them that would weigh one pound.  Thus, 16/20 shrimp means that there will be between 16 and 20 per pound. 
  • When cooking pasta, use at least 4 quarts of water per pound of pasta.
  • One glass of wine contains approximately 135 calories.
  • There are approximately 7,500 varieties of apples worldwide.
  • Roux is made of equal amounts of flour and fat.
  • Ten minutes of simmering your alcohol-infused sauce only eliminated half of the alcohol.
  • It takes about 4,000 crocus flowers to make one ounce of saffron.
  • One bottle of Romanee-Conti, (France’s best Burgundy), sells for about $6,000-$7,000 a bottle
  • Extra virgin olive oil must have no more than .8% free acidity to be labeled such.  Virgin olive oil cannot be over 2%.  (Acid content is an indicator of decomposition).
  • To temper milk chocolate bring it to more than 110 degrees.  For dark chocolate, 115 degrees.
  • Substitute 1 tablespoon dried herbs for every three tablespoons fresh.
  • Your average American butter is 80-82% fat, 16-17% water, and 1-2% milk solids.
  • 1 jigger of alcoholic spirits equals 1 ½ oz. A fifth is 750 milliliters.
  • Boil a 1-lb. lobster for 5-6 minutes, 1 ¼ -lb. 8-10 minutes, 1 ½ -lb. 9-12 minutes, and a 2 pounder 12+ minutes.
  • Dunkin’ Donuts sells about 1 billion cups of coffee per year
  • Two slices of bread yield about 1 cup of fresh breadcrumbs.
  • Use 1 – 1 ¼ teaspoons baking powder per cup of flour, unless otherwise directed by your specific recipe.
  • A 1,000 lb. steer yields about 500 lbs. of meat.
  • 1 medium onion equals about ¾ cup chopped.
  • Wine contains between 8.5 and 14% alcohol.
  • According to a study by the Restaurant Opportunities Centers United group, 63% of restaurant workers handle food while sick.
  • Three medium potatoes equal about 1 lb.
  • One pound of body fat equals 3500 calories.
  • Pat Bertoletti won this year’s rocky mountain oyster eating world championship in Black Hawk, Colorado by scoffing down 3 lbs. 11.75 oz. of mountain oysters in 10 minutes.  (Mountain oysters are steer testicles).

 

Website Builder